Biological aging translates into a trajectory of loss of physiological functions that transpose, among other consequences, to the progressive deterioration of cognitive function. This loss of cognitive skills has an impact on the older adult's daily life, which will be all the more important as the degree of cognitive impairment. In this sense, the promotion of an active and healthy aging must necessarily contemplate the cognitive dimension, through the implementation of intervention strategies that stimulate and promote an adjusted or even optimized cognition, in view of the biologically expected age and global clinical context. The adoption of objective measuring instruments of cognitive function proves to be an additional operational requirement, as the information provided allows the identification of individualized longitudinal trajectories of cognition, thus translating into an instrument for measuring the effectiveness of cognition-directed intervention programs and the identification of subclinical forms of pathological processes that require specialized clinical intervention.