Adults aged 80 or over are the fastest growing age group nowadays, and globally it is projected that the number of these older adults are still increasing. Aging is associated with a progressive decline in several physiological functions, with consequences in terms of overall functioning, autonomy, mobility, risk of falls, and overall health; thus, the implementation of strategies to promote healthy aging is paramount for modern societies.

The potential relationship between functional ability, history of falls, their circumstances, and social participation justify the growing need for applied research in order to meet the Global Strategy and Plan of Action for Aging and Health, according to the World Health Organization.

Interventions to promote active aging increase self-efficacy for exercise, improve social participation, promote functional independence, and prevent falls should be multifactorial and adjusted to the risk factors identified at the baseline evaluation. The exercise component, including strength, balance, and gait training, should always be included in these types of interventions.