The following chapter sets out to reveal the legal and political aspects of the dynamics of liberal democracy and traces of neo-militant democracy in Lithuania in the years 2009–2020. It starts with an analysis of the development of civil society and its participation in governance via non-governmental organisations, political parties, state service, rights to peaceful assembly, referendum, and elections to the parliament. Outlined are also challenges related to the maintenance of openness and diversity in a democratic society, mainly in the areas of freedom of speech, expression, and information. Finally, some peculiarities of state power branches are discussed. The research puts forth a thesis that the tendencies against liberal democracy and manifestations of neoliberal fundamentalism did not prevail in national politics within the analysed period. Therefore, the need for urgent and strict means of neo-militant democracy was not clearly expressed in Lithuania.