Latin American agency functioned in intellectual cooperation over a broad range of areas within the Pan-American movement, sometimes as a set of projects aimed at asserting distinct Latin American national policies and agendas within the movement. Attention to health issues, as well as collaborations formed between natural science museums, came together at medical and scientific congresses, organized within a Pan-American framework. Pan-American congresses showed evidence of a willingness to circulate scientific information and to contribute to the establishment of personal ties among scientists on the continent, a first attempt to develop a scientific community at a regional level under the umbrella of Pan-Americanism. The accomplishments of the PAU in matters of intellectual cooperation offered a point of intersection, a crossroads between two dynamics. The first was the political power of the United States as the driving force of Pan-Americanism, led principally by US universities and charitable foundations. The second was the emerging Latin American dynamic that called for a more multilateral Pan-Americanism.