Social media is now integral to communication in society, and formal and informal communication is widely accepted on social media. The growing popularity of social media has caused several African countries to enact laws to regulate it for different reasons. This chapter provides case studies of anti-social media laws in ten African countries to show that the legislation often arises out of the political climate in the legislating country, often resulting in stifling social media and, with it, freedom of expression, speech, and privacy.