ABSTRACT

Soviet policy towards the development of the Far East has always been influenced by the remote location of this huge region from the country’s economic heartland and by its strategic position. The Soviet Far East abuts on the Pacific basin, where in recent years the most vigorous growth in world trade has taken place and where some of the most dynamic economies. The remote and far-flung positions of the Far Eastern provinces suggest consideration of a development strategy rather different from that applied to more accessible regions. The decision to build the Baykal-Amur Mainline several hundred miles north of the Trans-Siberian Railway was the most obvious manifestation of that commitment. The economic structure of the Far East is that of a classic resource frontier in its early stages of development. Three primary branches: fishing, fish processing, non-ferrous metals and forest products comprise two-fifths of total industrial output, a share times as large as in the country as a whole.