The 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOSC) instituted the International Seabed Authority (ISA), an international organisation, to act as some sort of trustee or agent of mankind regarding the Area beyond national jurisdiction and the mineral resources therein, which are the common heritage of mankind. This chapter seeks to explore the extent to which the ISA has a role under the Convention, as modified by the 1994 Agreement, in the polar regions. It begins by exploring the role of the ISA under Part XI, as modified by the 1994 Agreement. Subsequently, it examines what role the ISA may play in the polar regions. Thereafter, it ends with some concluding remarks.