This chapter outlines some aspects of the development of private schooling in England. It gives particular attention to the changes that occurred in private schooling for boys as well as girls during the Victorian period, because the growth of girls’ schools during this time must be seen as part of a complete restructuring of educational provision to accommodate the demands of the late nineteenth century. In contrast to working-class boys and girls who received a fairly similar basic schooling, girls from the upper class and from the expanding middle class of the nineteenth century usually received a very different form of education from their brothers. Although the building of new schools was of considerable importance, the Victorian restructuring of schools to provide a class-delineated system was essentially brought about as a result of the Taunton Commission.