This chapter explores and attempts a verdict upon both Mill's allegiance to and conception of liberalism and liberal democracy, making use of these insights. The study of contemporary trends and recent history under the microscopes of utility, laws of ethology, and the principles of liberty and progress, were to provide evidence that could lead to the verification, rejection, or modification of laws, empirical generalizations, and principles. By considering the higher pleasures as the true goals of self-development, the ideal object of self-regarding activities, and the true constituents of happiness in the widest sense, Mill was able to find a proper place for government and unite the liberty and utility principles. Qualified liberalism and democracy, an extended and invigorated market society with socialist experiments, what the authors today call liberal democracy, Mill concluded, was the most likely source of social progress towards well-being in the advanced states of society in the nineteenth century world.