There are four alleged themes in daoist thought which 'deep' environmentalists have variously adduced in support of the attitudes towards nature which they favour - respect for nature, a sense of harmony with it, and so on. These themes might be labeled 'holism', 'anti-pragmatism', 'primitivism', and 'femininity'. Put them together, and you have the idea that Daoism incorporates a vision of the unity of everything in the universe, including ourselves; an hostility towards the pragmatic, means-end mentality held responsible for so much environmental devastation; an ideal of a primitive, back-to-nature form of life; and a rejection of a dominating, intrusive, 'masculine' stance towards nature in favour of a yielding, passive, 'feminine' one. Since 'deep' environmentalists share just these antipathies and sympathies, Daoism is therefore well-suited to provide them with a philosophical currency. Or so it is claimed.