Paths to Perfection: Yoga and Confucian
DOI link for Paths to Perfection: Yoga and Confucian
Paths to Perfection: Yoga and Confucian book
At first sight, to juxtapose the 'vision' etched by Confucius, Mencius and their followers side-by-side with the inner paths recommended by Patafijali, Isvarakr~l}a and the Yoga tradition seems foolish. The thrust of these Chinese and Indian paths to perfection seems sharply contradictory; they point to two very different experiences. The Satpkhya-Yoga tradition attests to a concentrated 'inner journey', to a radical probing of 'inwardness'. From the time of the Indus Valley civilisation (c.2,SOO BCE), Yogis have focused on probing 'innerspace'. Indian explorations of the psyche, the human spirit, and the body-mind-spirit continuum have become renowned. Ultimately, Yoga identifies the hidden meaning of everyone as 'puru~a'. 'Puru~a' is our deepest 'consciousness', 'spirit', 'illumination', or simply our authentic and genuine hidden identity as a human being. This 'selfdiscovery', claim the Yogis, is verified by journeying within oneself. Quite naturally then, this search for 'puru~a' became a preoccupation and an all-consuming goal for the Yogis - even at the cost of an almost total disregard for the social order. Traditional values such as family, society, social growth and development became insignificant. Is it any wonder then that the great scholar of Yoga, Mircea Eliade, criticised Yoga as ultimately 'selfish' and self-centered?