Alliance warfare is at best troublesome, at worst disastrous and history is replete with the failures of multinational forces, especially when confronted with a single homogenous enemy. One need only consider the catastrophes which often befell the heterogenous armies of the Byzantines, Charles Valois’ Burgundians or in more recent times the forces opposing Frederick the Great during the Seven Years War to understand the potential disaster awaiting military powers which attempt to co-operate together.