The Nile is the world’s longest river at 6700km and one of the world’s greatest natural assets. It is a transboundary river shared by ten African countries: Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. The Nile River originates from two distinct geographical zones, the basins of the White and Blue Niles and drains an estimated 3.1 million km2 covering 10 per cent of Africa’s landmass. It is estimated that 60 million people live in the basin while 300 million (40 per cent of Africa’s population) live in the riparian countries.