This chapter argues that cross-border crime is the product of 'criminogenic asymmetries': conflicts, mismatches and inequalities in the spheres of politics, culture, the economy and the law. Globalization multiplies and intensifies such asymmetries. The chapter focuses on economic crime, which includes state crime, corporate and individual white-collar crime, as well as illegal enterprises (popularly called 'organized crime'). Most analyses of contemporary transnational economic crime concentrate on control issues, which reflect a certain anxiety on the part of (primarily Western) governments who realize that their ability to address even domestic forms of crime is diminishing. Some equate transnational crime to stereotyped 'organized crime', which crosses national borders. The chapter concludes with policy implications and argues that the best strategy is to make full use of new formal and informal control opportunities, which are also produced by the process of globalization.