ABSTRACT

Local Cape earthenware vessels can generally be distinguished from the red-bodied imports of northwestern Europe in a variety of ways. The general locale of origin was recorded for each coarse earthenware vessel. The raw materials for coarse earthenware production were readily available in the Netherlands, where Quaternary alluvial and marine clay deposits underlay much of the estuarine land. Locally produced tripod cooking pots dominate the coarse earthenware collections from many Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie sites and are separated into two forms—the kookkan, a two-handled bulletshaped vessel, and the kookpot, a low, wide cauldron form. Coarse earthenware is primarily a utilitarian ceramic whose forms correlate directly with their function. A general date range for each vessel is provided. Unlike other ceramic wares with more chronologically diagnostic features, utilitarian coarse earthenware presents a difficulty in assigning specific dates to individual vessels.