My chapter examines the reception of Minoan Crete in the works of two Russian intellectuals, the artist Léon Bakst and the writer Dmitry Merezhkovsky, who belonged to the Russian ‘Silver Age’ – a label conventionally applied to cultural developments spanning the period 1898-1917, i.e. starting with the foundation of the art magazine Mir Iskusstva (World of Art, 1898-1904) in St Petersburg and ending with the Bolshevik revolution. More specifi cally, I shall focus on examples of theatrical productions created by Bakst for the famous Ballets Russes and other companies, and on Merezhkovsky’s historical novel The Birth of the Gods: Tutankhamon in Crete (1925) as well as his historical-religiousphilosophical treatise The Secret of the West: Atlantis-Europe (1930).