This introduction presents an overview of key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of the book. The book focuses on providing an overview of women's entrepreneurship in family business. It discusses the role of gender in family-business research by providing a systematic overview of the literature. The book examines the role of women-led enterprises in Germany. It highlights differences between family and non-family firms by analyzing their performance in the Italian and Spanish wine sectors. The book also focuses on the role of women as entrepreneurs by providing a literature review. It then focuses on sampling issues in research about gender and entrepreneurship. The book describes the role of spouse involvement, which is important in family business. It also examines the role of gender diversity in top Italian family firms. The book also highlights future research directions for women's entrepreneurship in family business.