This chapter provides the linkage between theology and health, bearing in mind the particular significance that health enjoys in most African settings. Theology is first of all a reflection on human existence in the light of Christian faith and tradition. The chapter argues that both religious assets of Christian churches and African values tend to promote a vision of public health that does not isolate health systems from other spheres of society, indicating a way of theologizing on health issues as an endeavor which is always related to social arrangements and organizations that determine the course of human existence. It notes that notes that religious assets and institutional practices are deeply rooted in the foundational norms of the Christian faith tradition, for which reason a concern for health, understood comprehensively, is not a sectoral issue but a central one for the self-understanding of the Christian churches and their identity in the world.