This chapter presents what the author sees to be hallmarks in the development of African theology. It focuses on highlighting what has marked and influenced the major trends and shifts in African theology after Vatican II. The author argues argue that the thread that unites the different initiatives that have been taken is a quest for having the identity and dignity of the African people recognized and rehabilitated. The way Africa has related with the outside world through the missionary and colonial enterprises has generally left a negative impact on the African mind, body, and soul. The chapter provides some details about what Vatican II provided as possible launching boards for African theology. It discusses the project of the African Council, which is an important milestone in African theology and can also be seen as a missed ecclesial opportunity to recognize the maturity and responsibility of the African Churches to look for relevant solutions to the problems of Africa.