The postmodern and postcolonial era has seen various scholars from differing contexts attempting to construct situated theologies relevant and culturally sensitive within particular cultural contexts. In the beginning, African theologians sought to critique the universalization of Eurocentric theology—as a fixed measure and authentic representation of Christian theology and by which to judge and postulate—to imagine or construct pure theology. This chapter underlines sources of African theological reflection and analyzes various definitions of African theology. Some Africanists suggested the Scripture (Bible) and African religiocultural heritage as the main sources of African theology. Others, especially African Catholic theologians, pointed to Christian revelation and African philosophy. Each of these main sources consists of a number of sub-sources which often function as primary sources on their right, depending on the focus of a particular theological reflection. Depending on the preferred source(s) or sub-source(s) and the method(s), various strands of African theology have been articulated.