A study conducted on behalf of the European Union places Greece at the bottom of the scale as far as law implementation and enforcement is concerned. Although lack of law implementation and enforcement in Greece is a complex process involving a multitude of variables, nevertheless culture is undoubtedly a salient factor. The chapter analyzes the connection between culture and the travails of law in the Greek context. It begins with a discussion of the nature and idiosyncrasies of culture in modern Greece and analyses of the processes and difficulties associated with law implementation and enforcement in the country. The chapter defines culture as a set of relatively stable, basic, and shared practices and values that help human social groups or societies find solutions to two basic fundamental problems. The basic fundamental problems are: how to survive, grow, and adapt to the environment, and internal integration that permits daily functioning and ensures the capacity to adapt and survive.