This chapter develops a conceptual framework of civil-security sector relations (CSSR) that will be applied to Maliki's Iraq post-2006. The first part of the chapter introduces the conceptual framework and illustrates the traditional nature of CSSR in the Arab world. It continues by explaining the mechanisms employed by the Maliki regime to privatize CSSR and analyzing the effects on the relationship among society, state, and security sector. The inclusivity of security that sovereign and security agents are able and willing to provide seems to be a more credible criterion to assess the effectiveness of CSSR. Public CSSR are the ideal type of relations founded on a close relationship between the security provider and the public triggering the former to provide security as a public good for all individuals in society inclusively. Private CSSR is characterized by exclusivity whereby the security sector is disconnected from society to allow security providers to provide security as an exclusive private good.