The Franklin D. Roosevelt administration entered office in 1933, its activism gave dissidents hope for a new radio deal. When the Administration proposed a new law to replace the Federal Radio Act of 1927, their moment seemed at hand. Franklin D. Roosevelt aims were actually quite limited: he wanted a new commission, a Federal Communications Commission, which would supervise not only radio and television but also the telephone industry, which had been under the Interstate Commerce Commission. The deep involvement of American Telephone and Telegraph Company in broadcasting made the move seem logical. The dissidents offered an amendment that was far more drastic. Sponsored by the influential Senator Robert F. Wagner of New York and Senator Henry D. Hatfield of West Virginia, it promptly won the endorsement of the National Education Association. College presidents, school superintendents, teachers, clergy, and farm leaders lined up behind it. Broadcasters pointed out that they had unsold periods that could be devoted—without charge—to educational projects.