The monolithic terms 'Victorianism' and 'Modernism' have been placed under increased scholarly scrutiny, producing fruitful research which seeks to assess the multifaceted ways in which these epochs are interpenetrated culturally, politically and socially. As Jonathan Wild argues in his recent study of literature in the 1900s, Edwardian culture deserves to be seen in less limiting contexts. Edwardian London was regarded by many as not only the greatest city in the country, but also the world, there was clearly a greater diversity to national cultural experience than is typically appreciated. The transportation and communication technologies ensured the rapid development of links between British cultures and those from around the world. While culture served as one of the means by which to consolidate and transmit an imperial vision of the British Empire, it was by no means a stable and uncontested entity during the Edwardian era.