Th is chapter examines the role of high-level offi cer training in the police reform agenda of Brazil, and how in one setting federal guidelines designed to improve training were implemented in actual practice. Th e fi rst new training class for the Amazonas State Military Police in Brazil was the setting chosen for this study. Th ey were trained under new guidelines developed by the Ministry of Justice, which is attempting to standardize police education across the nation. Th is training initiative is part of a larger police reform eff ort in Brazil, one aimed at increasing the professionalism, effi ciency, and civility of the police. Th e ministry’s guidelines provide a direction for change, but there is large variation among the Brazilian states in terms of how far they must come.