Latin American political movements, including the legal recognition of the rights and personhood of nature in Ecuador and Bolivia, have inspired social and ecological activism around the globe, even as the outcomes of these efforts remain uncertain. In Latin America, extractive capitalism and associated displacements from land and livelihoods have altered many forms of relational, multispecies living. During the colonial era in Latin America, the transformation of landscapes and life into resources for extractive economies was predicated on systems of coercive labour and the dispossession of Indigenous peoples from their lands. Accordingly, the authors digress from some of the central concerns of the more-than-human politics literature, which tends to be focused on the agentive nature or liveliness of nonhuman entities in the making of the world’s heterogeneous assemblages of life. Understanding the human as constituted in relation to other beings and things, forces a reconsideration of the boundaries and binaries of the “environment” and “society.”.