This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the concepts covered in the preceding chapters of this book. The book highlights structural barriers to transformative change, pinpointing both opposing material interests as well as underlying ideational paradigms that promote unsustainability. It presents a range of analytical lenses against which to evaluate the stories told about global sustainability challenges and potential solutions in research and practice. The book concentrates on normative lenses and ethical questions one can apply to sustainability challenges and especially to suggested solutions. It also highlights the important role of both agent-centred and structural power, of critical inquiries into the underlying and potentially counter-intuitive intent and character of sustainability governance, or of evaluations of the transformative potential of governance solutions related to everyday practices and their foundations in terms of meaning and material resources.