The chapter explores Islamic resistance, asks why it is routinely dismissed as terrorism and analyzes its impact on Muslim women. First, it starts by situating Islamic resistance within the broader terrain of historical and contemporary Muslim struggles, with reference to the theoretical literature and various manifestations of political and militant Islam; second, the chapter enquires what ‘resistance’ means to the powerless and how it is being articulated by women; finally, it demonstrates the efficacy of ‘Islamic resistance’ by exploring case studies of Hamas in the Palestinian territories and Hizbullah in Lebanon and how they involve women.