This chapter examines the intersections of gender activism, religion, and politics within Jewish and Muslim polities in the context of contemporary Israel. It charts out the divergences and convergences of three types of women’s organizing around questions of gender, religion, and politics: secular feminism, religious gender activism, and religious feminism. While stressing the different positionality of Jewish and Muslim women in relations to the state, its laws, and its regulation of religion, the chapter also highlights the common challenges and the similar strategies they employ in tackling these challenges. The chapter concludes with personal and methodological reflections on doing feminist fieldwork with conservative religious activists.