In this chapter I would like to briefly outline the history of the Palestinian national movement. In short, the Palestinian national movement was shaped by the mandatory Palestine whose borders were defined by the British and the French. In addition, the demand for an exclusive self-determination for the Palestinians was added, alongside with other elements that shaped their national consciousness. Following the Palestinian Nakbah and the dismantling of the national movement in light of the expulsion of the Palestinians, young Palestinians began their efforts to revitalize it, but in principle, these efforts were always deficient in targeting only part of the Palestinians and not all of them. In addition, the rift between Hamas and Fatah, between the West Bank and Gaza since 2007, has only exacerbated the confusion and failure of the Palestinian national movement. Which I believe has resulted in the collapse of the Palestinian national movement—the revitalization efforts require a joint reduction in Palestinian self-determination, which contradicts the demand for a settlement with Israel based on the concept of “two states for two peoples” and paves the way for a one state solution shared by Israelis and Palestinians.