Water governance scholars have brought to light the importance of politics, power structure, and relationships in shaping common pool resources, primarily in the context of irrigation system management and hydropower development. Focusing on power asymmetry and how this is shaped by inter-state relationships at the transboundary level, international relations scholars have come up with the concept of hydro-hegemony as a framework to analyse transboundary water governance. Examples include the role of media collectives in shaping transboundary water governance discourse in the Indus Basin, differential perceptions of Cambodian dam development among local communities, and the local communities' alliance with a transnational NGO movement in contesting corporate decisions in water infrastructure development in the Andes. The transformation of the commons requires commons scholars to position their work with growing contemporary issues in global natural resource governance, unpacks power and politics, and incorporates the notion of equity and social justice in the overall analysis of collective action.