This chapter explores the first component of Hirschfield's argument and explains how the imagery of Blacks as thugs and welfare queens contributes to the frequency of Blacks' death at the hands of police. It interprets that the Pan-African project is similar to that of Mahmood's characterization of the Western liberal feminist project. The chapter further asserts that the overarching coherence of the project of Pan-Africanism is established through the premise that where society is structured to serve the aims of white supremacy, explicitly or implicitly, the result will be either a neglect, or a direct suppression of, Black people's concerns. Frequently, in the United States, Black men are characterized as thugs and Black women as welfare queens, which give sanction to their continued derision and death. Slavery in the Americas can be most simply described as an agrarian based economic institution that exploited an unfree Black labor base and that developed a rigid racial caste system.