Transitional justice efforts in Tunisia can be distinguished in ad hoc measures and a carefully planned transitional justice project. Transitional justice, in academic literature and in practise, is mostly defined as dealing with a repressive and/or violent past with the help of one or several of a variety of measures, usually including trials, truth commissions, reparations or compensation measures, lustration and institutional reforms, as well as memorials and public apologies. Human rights and transitional justice are normative concepts that are connected but distinct. Transitional justice is a younger concept than human rights and has its origins within the human rights community in the late 1980s and early 1990s. [I]nternational principles of human rights, citizenship, equality, justice and democracy” have served as reference frameworks during the uprising. The chapter deals with the usage of two normative concepts in post–Arab Spring Tunisia: human rights and transitional justice.