This chapter presents a legal analysis of the state of affairs in relation to parliamentary oversight in the area of CFSP including its sub-category, the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). It re-assesses the existing Treaty provisions dealing with the parliamentary oversight in relation to CFSP. The chapter looks into the ways in which the European Parliament is involved in CFSP decision-making and points out to what extent recent case law of the Court has clarified things in that respect. It assesses the ways in which the European Parliament attempted to make full use of its powers, inter alia through Interinstitutional Agreements (IIA) and interparliamentary cooperation. The chapter provides some general conclusions on the state of affairs with regard to parliamentary involvement in CFSP and presents a short assessment of the democratic legitimacy in that area.