In her paper, McKinney tracks dissent before it becomes public, and recognized by those in power. McKinney argues that public dissent does not initiate contention, but instead comes after a period of less visible thought and discourse. Covert dissent, like gossip, rumor, and graffiti is often instrumental to allow for public dissent. Participating in this kind of activity can help agents to develop ways of voicing their political dissent publically and also helps crystalize the terms and limits of the content that is eventually voiced.