Metaphysical and Scientific Realism
DOI link for Metaphysical and Scientific Realism
Metaphysical and Scientific Realism book
Discussion of realism and anti-realism is very widespread in contemporary philosophy. Modem epistemology, having lost the notion of 'intentional identity', gives representations the status of direct objects of knowledge that we encounter in our mind. The expression 'metaphysical realism' is known for having been used by Putnam, who means by it the philosophical perspective according to which the world consists of some fixed totality of mind-independent objects. This chapter discusses that metaphysical realism is not a philosophical position limited to the rational construction of metaphysics in a disciplinary sense, but is a kind of methodological prerequisite for the construction of science as well and, in particular, justifies a scientific realism that is at the same time 'internal' and 'external' in Putnam's sense. Any mature science determines its domain of objects when it is able to characterize its selected attributes by means of clearly defined concepts that are also mutually correlated.