Regionalism is now to the fore in a variety of academic and policy discourses. The investigation of any particular regional structure requires close attention to the precise trends that are leading to its emergence and the particular forms of regional government that are being constructed. This chapter focuses on how far the English regions may gain the legitimate support of regional and local ‘stakeholders’ if the predominant mode of regional delivery is from the top-down. It examines whether this group, which is organised at both the national and local levels, is able to deliver appropriate forms of environmental representation which are suited to the new regional policy new policy arena. The chapter analyses whether regional planning can adequately respond to the demands of environmentalists, and thus whether it can hope to engage with regional ‘stakeholders’.