Future challenges include meeting all young learners’ needs, with opportunities for them to use their full potential to meet the needs of changing local, national and international contexts. Meeting these challenges requires a broad framework to allow for independent thinking (see Chapter 5 on children’s philosophical thinking) and a willingness to be open to new ideas and ways of working, considering approaches in other countries and adopting those deemed to have a positive impact. Approaches will need constant adjustment to fit the continually changing contexts of future needs, including those concerning technological advances, health, equality and the imperative to offer education for all.