This chapter provides the special issue of Journal of Language, Identity, and Education that focuses on the perspectives of Makiguchi Tsunesaburo, a Japanese schoolteacher, principal, and educational and religious reformer. Makiguchi's approach of sentence pattern model application can be seen as a component of his larger perspective of scientific rationalism and experimental proof. By facilitating students' abilities to systematically recognize, understand, and modify vocabulary, structures, forms, and sentences, Makiguchi's sentence pattern model application approach fostered their ability to independently and effectively express and arrange their own thoughts, as well as meet rigid national standards. The chapter includes Andrew Gebert's analysis of Makiguchi's approach to composition instruction relative to Ashida Enosuke's and considers Makiguchi's philosophy and practice to think through and respond to competing trends intersecting language, identity, and education in the contemporary United States.