DOI link for Post-script
The governance of extractive economies is an enduring concern in a world industrial epoch built on the exploitation of mineral reserves and their conversion into energy and other essential inputs. A postscript to the foregoing case studies and a prelude to a much longer conversation, the remarks below address the common patterning and contradictions of governance across the different national and regional projects. The governmentalization of extraction is clear that the advance of the extractivist project in Africa, Latin America and more broadly is closely tied to the proliferation of governance bodies, governmental functions and governing mandates. In terms both institutional and ideological, Leonard's and Grovogui's detailed portrayals of Chad's Doba Basin oil pipeline project illustrates the process and pitfalls of governmental propagation surrounding extractive endeavors. A megaproject leveraging substantial international investment to jumpstart extraction-for-development, Leonard recounts, international financial institutions and other funders drive the Chad-initiative mandating project oversight on fronts fiscal, environmental, and social.