According to one of the epithets in Søren Kierkegaard’s dedication to The Concept of Anxiety, Poul Martin Møller was “the confidant of Socrates.” With the title of the present article, I wish to imply not only that Møller, of course, knew Plato as well as other Socratic sources by heart-he even considered Plato’s dialogues as a topic for a dissertation1-but more importantly that as a Socratic figure himself, by his very personality, he had a special maieutic impact on the young Kierkegaard; their relationship is, however, also surrounded by several undocumented assumptions or myths which I will try to sort out. The article is divided into three principal sections: (I) an overview of the life and works of Poul Martin Møller; (II) a discussion of the testimonies concerning Møller’s and Søren Kierkegaard’s personal relation; and (III) a discussion of the references and possible allusions to Møller’s writings in the Kierkegaardian corpus. Finally, in a brief concluding section (IV), I will focus on some relevant aspects of Møller’s portrait of Socrates.