This article is intended to summarise current trends and problems in urbanization in Poland – a country of 38 million inhabitants, located in the central part of Europe, just to the east to Germany. As the country was partitioned for over a century between Russia, Prussia and Austria, and – after World War II – was subject to socialist urbanization processes, its current tendencies and problems are slightly different to those in other European countries. At the same time, in the enlarged European Union, Poland is one of the largest nations and it suffers from many problems. The same relates to its cities and towns, as nowadays they have to adapt to globalization processes.