This chapter considers the social, political, economic and technological impacts of globalization on Maori, the indigenous people of Aotearoa–New Zealand. It then focuses on globalization and the economy offered by the Maori people of Aotearoa-New Zealand and other indigenous peoples, because it is on the economy that Maori institutions and groups are now concentrating their efforts in the new millenium. In order to illustrate both the dangers and the possibilities for Maori and indigenous communities, the chapter discusses briefly one of the implications of the current dominant economic drive for globalization. Nation-building by indigenous peoples and minority cultures is a phenomenon of our times. This is evident through the process of devolution in the United Kingdom and the way in which the Scots in particular see nation-building as a step towards self-determination. The chapter also discusses the example of the Navajo Nation and relating to the Scots and Maori cases.