At the very beginning of the twenty-first century, the collective movements1 which have developed-from global initiatives like Alterglobal to those with a European focus such as 15M or Indignados,2 from Occupy in North America to the initial mobilizations of the Arab Spring in North Africa and the Middle East (Khosrokhavar 2012), anti-nuclear mobilizations in Japan (Adachi et al. 2012, Chapter 5, this volume), and the Chilean student movement (OCS 2013)—have been active in cultural and social conflicts concerned with globalized settlement or the crisis and regeneration of contemporary social life.