It was not until the 1970s that the social sciences really took up the issue of memory and gave some thought to it in research. Admittedly, Maurice Halbwachs, in two very different texts, the first distinctly more Durkheimian than the second, had laid the foundations of a sociology of memory well before World War II and had, in particular, suggested the idea of “the social frameworks of memory” (Halbwachs1925). But while philosophy has never ceased to be interested in memory, and even to make of it an important category, after Halbwachs, the social sciences-apart from a few exceptions like Roger Bastide-in fact, long neglected it.