Since the 1970s, there has been increased attention paid by feminist criminologists to the topic of gender and crime. Women’s experiences of sexual violence during conflict are multifaceted and complex and exist at the intersection of gender and sex with other characteristics such as race, ethnicity, age, class, culture, and religion. The normalization of sexual violence during conflict has also been compounded by the historical legacy of its use during the country’s second civil war. On a global scale, the human rights of women are systematically attacked through the maintenance of gender structures that fail to prevent, protect, prosecute, or even take seriously widespread and routinized acts of violence against women. Historically, women’s labor has been undervalued, and yet globally, women have increasingly entered the workforce, becoming economic actors and heads of households, while maintaining their roles as mothers and caretakers.