This chapter traces the myriad socio-emotional impacts on children from birth to adolescence, with consideration for the role of caregivers and components of risk and protective factors. Trauma in childhood exposure to domestic violence (CEDV) is cited as a significant concern at every developmental stage. Children as young as one year have been found to show trauma symptoms owing to their immature developmental capacity to process threatening environmental information, manage feelings, or effectively communicate distress. In a literature review aimed at identifying resilience factors and processes with CEDV, using their own research data, Ramona Alaggia and M. Donohue outline areas to be considered as resilience promoters. The chapter highlights the range of impacts across the span of a child’s development, keeping in mind that many children may unfortunately experience IPV exposure at every stage in their development, depending on their home environments.