E ffective peacebuilding requires an understanding of the nature and impact of violence on civilians, the drivers of this violence, and individuals’ priorities for peace and security. Involvement of the population in planning and implementing peacebuilding is especially important to mitigate the risks of future violence and to enable “a democratization of the transition process, securing legitimacy and public accountability for the policies set forth” (World Bank 2011). It also results in programs that better address the needs of the population and are aligned with their culture and values.