The chapter examines policy reforms and innovations in the Nordic vocational education and training systems (VET) related to two challenges. The first is to improve the links of the VET system to the labour market and to ease the students’ transition to employment. It examines three new types of mediating institutions between VET and the employment system and four interesting connective practices. The second is to improve the institutional links and the students’ transitions from VET to higher education. New hybrid programmes that combine apprenticeships with preparation for higher education are examined.