In 2001, a group of five Dutch architects founded the NGO ArchiAfrika in the Netherlands. Their aim was “to put (modern) African architectural culture on the world map” and “to maintain an “international exchange of expertise and knowledge within the African continent”.1 To mark its launch, ArchiAfrika in 2005 organized a student workshop and academic conference, Modern Architecture in East Africa around Independence. It took place in Dar es Salaam, the capital of Tanzania, and was inspired by the architect Anthony B. Almeida. In 1950, Almeida had been one of the first members of the Royal Institute of British Architects chartered in Dar es Salaam, then the capital of the British protectorate of Tanganyika. As an architect building according to modern principles, Almeida was commissioned to work for the British regime, though he continued to build for the successive independent national governments after Tanganyika’s political independence.